Various - afghanistan d'hier et d'aujourd'hui


The political history of the modern state of Afghanistan began with the Hotak and Durrani dynasties in the 18th century. In the late 19th century, Afghanistan became a buffer state in the " Great Game " between British India and the Russian Empire . Its border with British India, the Durand Line , was formed in 1893 but it is not recognized by the Afghan government and it has led to strained relations with Pakistan since the latter's independence in 1947. Following the Third Anglo-Afghan War in 1919 the country was free of foreign influence, eventually becoming a monarchy under King Amanullah , and later for 40 years under Zahir Shah . A series of coups in the late 1970s was followed by a series of wars that devastated much of Afghanistan which began when the country became a socialist state under the influence of the Soviet Union during the Soviet–Afghan War . Following the departure of Soviet forces , the country became an Islamic state under the Peshawar Accord but much of its territory was later captured by the fundamentalist group the Taliban , who ruled most of the country as a totalitarian regime for almost five years . The Taliban was forcibly removed by the NATO -led coalition , and a new pro-Western , democratically-elected government political structure was formed.

Daud's government, however, was opposed by both the leftist People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) and traditional ethnic leaders. In April 1978, leftist military officers overthrew and killed Daud and PDPA leader Noor Muhammad Taraki became President.


Various - Afghanistan D'Hier Et D'Aujourd'huiVarious - Afghanistan D'Hier Et D'Aujourd'huiVarious - Afghanistan D'Hier Et D'Aujourd'huiVarious - Afghanistan D'Hier Et D'Aujourd'hui

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